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Card-index course

Learning by Problem Solving, Clinical/Practical Cases

Apprentissage par problèmes (APP), cas cliniques/pratiques

Responsible Faculty: School of Biology (FBM-BIO)

Teacher(s): Angela Teresa Ciuffi

Validity: 2017 -> 2017

No timetable defined.


Spring semester
15 hours per semester

Teaching language(s): French
Public: No
Credits: 0
Participants: maximum 30


This module, as a whole, aims at stimulating reflection using medical problems.

The goals of this module are:
- To understand the importance and the logics of a tree of knowledge.
- To understand the role of experimental research in the development of the tree of knowledge.
- To learn how to organize and structure his/her thoughts in the form of a tree.
- To understand that differential diagnostic is an essential tool, at the interface between biology and medicine, in the use of a decision tree.
- To identify the diagnostic assay (or the experimental method) to be used according to the circumstances.
- To understand that the diagnostic assay (or the experimental method) is a step and not a finality.
- To apprehend the decision tree according to a tree of knowledge.
- To know how to use a tree of knowledge.
- To identify the current limits of knowledge.
- To stimulate reflection (to develop hypotheses) using biomedical problems.


The content of this module is divided in 4 blocks (APP belong to the 4th block):

- The first block aims at providing a general overview, "patient"-oriented, that starts from the clinical problem that needs to be diagnosed and that ends ideally by the elimination of the problem. The three key steps are thus: phenotype analysis (symptoms) - diagnostic - treatment.

- The second block uses selected examples of pathologies to illustrate the general concepts in more detail, to highlight the role of research in the development of knowledge trees, to provide the necessary tools for the use of decision trees, and to stimulate discussions using current themes and concerns.

- The third block focuses on diagnosis, which is at the interface between biology and medicine. This teaching block is more practical and starts with the visit of diagnostic laboratories of the CHUV Laboratory Department, and ends with practical work.

- The fourth and last block contains exercises (learning by problem solving - APP). This blocks aims at summarizing the approach of the development and use of a tree through the study of real clinical cases. The students will be divided into small groups and will present their case and how they solved it orally at the end of the APP.


Active participation to the APP
Oral presentation as small groups

Canton de Vaud
Swiss University
Unicentre  -  CH-1015 Lausanne  -  Suisse  -  Tél. +41 21 692 11 11  -  Fax  +41 21 692 26 15